Abstract 449: Increased Risk of Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Persistent Type of Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation
Background: This study is to examine relationship between coronary artery disease (CAD) and types of atrial fibrillation (AF)
Methods: A total of 403 nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients without known history of CAD underwent coronary artery calcium score (CACS) evaluation by multi-detector cardiac computed tomography. Clinical characteristics and CACS were compared between patients with persistent type of AF and paroxysmal type of AF.
Results: The cohort comprised of 65% (279 of 430) male with a mean (SD) age of 63(10) years. Prevalence of persistent AF was 60% (259 of 430). Mean (SD) 10-year risk of CAD by Framingham score was 14(7)%. Median CACS was 22 (range 0-5402) with 75% CACS>0 (321 of 430). Compared to paroxysmal type, those with persistent type had higher prevalence of CAC>0 as shown in Figure1 and more history of hypertension (p<0.001) but less history of smoking (p0.004), statins use (p0.018) and warfarin use (p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference in mean age (p0.783) and CAD risk by Framingham score (p0.477) between two groups. In multivariate analysis, persistent type is an independent predictor for CACS>0 (OR 1.938; 95%CI 1.197, 3.138; p0.007).
Conclusion: In patients with AF, persistent type of AF is independently associated with CACS>0. Our findings suggest potential benefit from evaluation of CAD in this population.
Author Disclosures: K. Chaikriangkrai: None. S. Alchalabi: None. S. Khaleel bala: None. S. Chang: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.