Abstract 378: Macrophage ß3 Integrin is an Important Player in Inflammation and Cellular Plasticity
Communication between cells and the surrounding environment is a crucial mechanism for survival. Integrins are membrane-bound molecules that are involved in signaling between the cells and the extracellular matrix, thereby influencing cytoskeletal stability and intracellular signaling. β3 integrin and its binding partner αv form the αvβ3 heterodimer that is expressed in various cells. We and others have described the consequences of its absence in inflammation, atherosclerosis and cancer in vivo. However, the distinct role of this integrin as a signaling molecule and the consequences of its absence for macrophage structure remain mostly elusive.
Our aim is to further characterize the phenotype of β3-deficient (β3-/-) bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM) under stimulatory conditions (LPS and LDLs) compared to control cells in vitro.
qPCR, WB, ELISA, migration, proliferation assays were used to investigate β3-/- BMDM and controls (wt BMDM and Raw 264.7).
LPS was described to be not only pro- but also anti-inflammatory in a time-dependent manner. We show that LPS stimulation leads to high expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and TNFα) shortly after treatment, while expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) arises at a later stage (12h post stimulation). Interestingly, β3-/- BMDM express more IL-1β than controls. IL-10 expression appears much earlier in β3-/- BMDM (6h post stimulation) but is reduced after 12h, indicating a faster and higher cellular response in the absence of the β3 integrin.
OxLDL, the leading cause to foam cell formation, stimulates the expression of IL-1β in controls and β3-/- BMDM with the latter expressing significantly less of this cytokine indicating that lack of β3 causes differential cellular responses after LPS and oxLDL stimulation. Other LDL forms tested (nLDL, acLDL, cLDL) did not have any effect on IL-1β expression.
In addition, we identified a higher proliferation rate in the β3-/- BMDM when cultured with M-CSF and a migration deficit in response to LPS, M-CSF and VEGF.
Taken together, our results show that macrophage β3 deficiency causes differential cellular plasticity depending on the stimulus, with functional consequences that could be essential in inflammation and atherosclerosis.
Author Disclosures: C.A. Wolf: None. I. Bobak: None. X. Su: None. E. Damm: None. K.N. Weilbaecher: None. J.G. Schneider: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.