Abstract 37: Secretion of von Willebrand Factor by Endothelial Cells Links Salt to Hypercoagulability and Thrombosis
Hypercoagulability increases the risk of thrombi that cause cardiovascular events. Dehydration and hypernatremia are often accompanied by thrombosis, but the mechanisms are not clear. Von Willebrand Factor is secreted by endothelium, affecting aggregation of platelets and promoting activation of the coagulation cascade and formation of thrombi. Here we show that in culture of primary Human Umbilical Vein Endothelia Cells, elevating medium osmolality to 320-380 mosmol/kg by adding NaCl reversibly increases both vWF mRNA and vWF secretion. The high NaCl increases expression of tonicity regulated transcription factor NFAT5 and its binding to promoter of vWF gene, suggesting that vWF upregulation is caused by hypertonic signaling. To elevate NaCl in vivo, we modeled mild dehydration, subjecting mice to water restriction (WR) for 9 days by feeding them with gel food containing 30% of water. Such WR elevates blood sodium from 145.1±0.5 to 150.2±1.3 mmol/l and activates hypertonic signaling as evidenced from increased expression of NFAT5 in tissues. WR increased vWF mRNA in liver and lung and raised vWF protein in blood. Immunostaining of liver revealed increased production of vWF protein by endothelium and increased number of microthrombi inside capillaries. WR also increased blood level of D-dimer, a fibrinogen degradation product indicative of ongoing coagulation and thrombolysis. We conclude that elevation of extracellular sodium within the physiological range raises expression and secretion of von Willebrand Factor sufficiently to increase coagulability of blood and risk of thrombosis. The results suggest that hydration and salt intake are modifiable factors that affect coagulability and thrombosis through high salt-dependent secretion of vWF from endothelial cells.
Author Disclosures: N.I. Dmitrieva: None. M.B. Burg: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.