Abstract 312: Transcriptional and Posttranscriptional Circuitry in the Brain After Transient and Permanent Ischemia
Background: Stroke is a major neurovascular disease and a leading cause of mortality and long-term disability. Within cells of the brain, short non-encoding microRNAs (miRNAs) serve to modulate gene expression and likely contribute to most, neurological processes. However, miRNA changes in the brain tissue in response to stroke have not been reported.
Aim: To investigate the functional roles of brain miRNAs and gene regulatory networks in stroke injury.
Methods: Adult (8-12 weeks old) male C57Bl/6 mice underwent intraluminal filament-induced middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. Permanent ischemia (ischemia no reperfusion, InoR; n=8) was achieved by occlusion for 24 h, and ischemia with reperfusion (IR; n=8) was completed after 30 min of MCA followed by 23.5 h of reperfusion. Sham-operated mice (n=8) were used as controls. Total RNA was isolated from mouse brains and gene arrays (Affymetrix) and miRNA arrays (TaqMan OpenArray microRNA) were performed. Validation studies were performed using RT-PCR and TaqMan Individual Assays.
Results: Relative to the sham-operated mice, InoR significantly altered (p≤0.05; fold-change≥1.5) the levels of 471 genes (mRNA) in the brain. By contrast, IR resulted in only 114 significant changes in gene expression after 24 h. Brain miRNAs were also very sensitive to both ischemia and reperfusion. 28 miRNAs (11 down, 17 up) were significantly altered by InoR compared to the sham procedure. Likewise, 12 miRNAs (3 down, 9 up) were significantly altered with reperfusion compared to the sham procedure. Interestingly, we found 10 miRNAs to be significantly altered (5 up, 5 down) with ischemia (InoR/Sham), but were also significantly corrected towards normal Sham levels by 23.5 h reperfusion (IR/InoR). Validation studies confirmed that levels of multiple miRNAs were significantly altered with InoR. Reperfusion increased the levels of all these miRNAs. 48% (327/680) of the mRNAs that were altered were predicted targets of significantly altered miRNAs, and our results showed inverse directional changes.
Conclusion: Results from our study show the role of miRNAs and post-transcriptional circuits in both adaptive and maladaptive responses to ischemic stroke and reperfusion.
Author Disclosures: F. Tabet: None. S. Lee: None. L.F. Cuesta Torres: None. M.G. Levin: None. G.R. Drummond: None. A.T. Remaley: None. K. Rye: None. C.G. Sobey: None. K.C. Vickers: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.