Abstract 26: Anti-TIM-1 Monoclonal Antibody Therapy Expands Atheroprotective B1a B Cells in vivo and Attenuates Development and Progression of Atherosclerosis
Background: B1a B cells attenuate atherosclerosis by secreting natural IgM, but their therapeutic application is limited by lack of availability. Regulatory B cells identified by Tim-1 expression and expanded through Tim-1 ligation by anti-TIM-1 low affinity monoclonal antibody (RMT1-10 mAb) induced tolerance. Here, we examined the capacity of this mAb to expand B1a B cells to inhibit atherosclerosis development and progression of established atherosclerosis.
Methods and Results: Six-week old male ApoE-deficient mice were treated with RMT1-10 mAb and fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks. B1a TIM-1+IgM+ B cells and B1a TIM-1+IgM+IL-10+ B cells were selectively expanded. These effects reduced lesion size, markedly increased plasma and lesion IgM and decreased lesion oxidatively modified LDL. Lesion CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, macrophages and MCP-1, VCAM-1, proinflammatory cytokine expression, apoptotic cell numbers and necrotic cores were reduced. Splenectomy indicated that these effects were B1a B cell-dependent. B1a B cell stimulation in vitro with RMT1-10 mAb promoted dose-response B1a B cell proliferation and B1a-derived IgM production. To determine whether treatment attenuated developed atherosclerosis progression, 6 week-old male ApoE-deficient mice were fed a HFD for 6 weeks, and treated with anti-TIM-1 mAb for another 6 weeks while continuing the HFD. Treatment also increased B1a TIM-1+IgM+ B cells, B1a TIM-1+IgM+IL-10+ B cells and IgM levels and greatly attenuated atherosclerosis progression.
Conclusions: Anti-TIM-1 treatment attenuates atherosclerosis development and progression by selectively expanding atheroprotective B1a B cells and modulating its immunoinflammatory component. TIM-1 mAb therapy could be an attractive approach for treating atherosclerosis.
Author Disclosures: T. Kyaw: None. H. Hosseini: None. P. Kanellakis: None. C. Tay: None. A. Cao: None. L. Yi: None. P. Tipping: None. A. Bobik: None. B. Toh: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.