Abstract 156: Macrophage Low-Density Receptor--Related Protein 1 Deficiency Facilitates Atherosclerosis Regression in Hyperlipidemic Mice
Atherosclerosis regression is characterized by egress of macrophages out of the artery wall. We have previously shown that macrophages lacking low-density receptor related protein 1 (MFLRP1-/-) are pro-inflammatory and lead to increased lesion formation in apoE-/- mice. To study the role of macrophage inflammation during atherosclerosis regression, bone marrow from four different types of mice (wild-type, MFLRP1-/-, apoE-/- and apoE-/-/ MFLRP1-/-) was transplanted into apoE-/- recipient mice who had been fed a Western-type diet for 12 weeks. ApoE-/- recipient mice transplanted with apoE-/- bone marrow were sacrificed 2 weeks post-BMT for determination of baseline aortic atherosclerosis. After 8 weeks on chow diet, cholesterol levels were normalized in mice reconstituted with wild-type (WT) and MFLRP1-/- bone marrow (157± 36 mg/dl and 136 ± 33 mg/dl, respectively), and significantly lowered in mice with apoE-/- (302±33 mg/dl) or apoE-/-/ MFLRP1-/- (294±52 mg/dl) macrophages compared to baseline (387±34 mg/dl). Total atherosclerotic lesion area in the aortic root decreased by 15% in mice receiving WT macrophages, and decreased by an additional 10% in mice transplanted with LRP1 deficient macrophages (p<0.05 compared to WT). Similarly, mice reconstituted with apoE-/-/ MFLRP1-/- bone marrow had 15% (p < 0.01) smaller lesion size than mice receiving apoE-/- marrow. The lesion area positive for CD68 was significantly smaller in MFLRP1-/- mice compared to WT mice, and in apoE-/-/ MFLRP1-/- mice compared to apoE-/- mice. The ratio of necrotic to total lesion area was significantly lowered by WT and LRP1-/- macrophages, and was also reduced in recipients of apoE-/-/MFLRP1-/- compared to apoE-/- bone marrow. Here we demonstrate that absence of LRP1 in macrophages, which is known to cause pro-inflammatory changes, promotes atherosclerosis regression. Our study supports the novel idea that pro-inflammatory macrophages efficiently egress from the plaque in a regressive environment caused by switching from a high-fat to a chow diet. This observation sets the stage for a change in paradigm on how to target inflammation for prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular events.
Author Disclosures: L. Zhu: None. P.G. Yancey: None. L. Ding: None. J.L. Blakemore: None. Y. Zhang: None. M.F. Linton: None. S. Fazio: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.