Abstract 102: Granular Media Calcinosis in the Aortic Wall of Patients With Bicuspid and Tricuspid Aortic Valves
Background: Bicuspid aortic valve is the most frequent congenital cardiac abnormality and associated with proximal aortic disease (i.e. aneurysm, dissection or rupture). Granular media calcinosis(GMC)--suggested to increase stiffness and play a pathogenetic role in dissecting aneurysm--has not yet been quantified in BAV.
Methods: Specimen of the proximal aortic wall from 76 patients--32 with tricuspid (TAV) and 44 with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV)--were obtained during surgery to quantify media thickness and GMC by von Kossa staining (panel C), comparing the convexity (Cvx) and concavity (Ccv) in BAV vs. TAV.
Results: Interlamellar GMC affected the most central layers of the media and those adjacent to the outer adventitia with a doubling within both--the Cvx and Ccv--of pts with BAV compared to patients with TAV (13.3±9.6 vs.6.6±7.4 and 12.8±10.8 vs.6.4±7.1; p<0.05, panel A) was seen, but neither a difference in calcification between the Ccx and the Ccv side within the BAV nor the TAV group. No association between age and calcification grade, neither in the Cvx nor the Ccv (r=0.132, p=0.218 and 0.103, p=0.341) was seen. There was a significant difference in the total media thickness between BAV and TAV at the Cvx (867±162μm vs. 993±158μm; p<0.05) and the Ccv (1005 ± 236 vs 1223 ± 217μm; p<0.05, panel B). Independent of aortic valve morphology, the Cvx was thinner than the Ccv side (TAV: 993 ± 158 vs.1223 ± 217μm; p<0.001; BAV: 869 ± 162 vs.1005 ± 236μm; p<0.05, panel B).
Conclusion: BAVs had significantly thinner media and twice as much GMC than their tricuspid peers possibly associated with the loosening of the bond between the elastic lamellae causing a decrease in elasticity possibly explaining a higher risk for dissection and rupture.
Author Disclosures: S. von Salisch: None. J. Haunschild: None. M. Misfeld: None. M.A. Borger: None. S. Dhein: None. F. Mohr: None. C.D. Etz: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.