Abstract 83: Bone Marrow Derived Cells Do Not Mediate Reductions in Cholesterol, Atherosclerosis and Adiposity in Microsomal Prostaglindin E Synthase 1 Deficient Mice Fed High Fat Diets Enriched in Cholesterol
Microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase-1 (mPGES-1) catalyzes the conversion of COX-2 generated PGH2 to PGE2 and is the predominate source of PGE2 during and inflammatory response. We and others have demonstrated that mPGES-1 deficiency attenuates atherosclerosis in mice on a mixed background. The present study investigated the effect of mPGES-1 deficiency on atherosclerosis in C57BL/6 low density lipoprotein receptor deficient (LDLr-/-) mice. mPGES-1 deficiency attenuated atherosclerosis in LDLr-/- mice fed either a low fat (LF) (P = 0.02) or high fat (HF) (P = 0.0026) diet enriched with cholesterol, or a western diet (P = 0.02) for 17 weeks. mPGES-1 deficiency attenuated weight gain and cholesterol concentrations in mice fed a western (P = 0.004 and P < 0.05; respectively) or HF diet (P = 0.01 and P = 0.012, respectively). However, body weight and cholesterol concentrations were not different in mice fed the LF diet. These data suggest that different mechanisms mediate the reduction in atherosclerosis in mPGES-1 deficient mice fed LF and HF diets. To determine if mPGES-1 deficiency in macrophages contributed to the reduction in atherosclerosis in mice fed HF diets, 4 groups of chimeric mice were generated. Four weeks post bone marrow cell transplant (BMT) mice were fed a western diet. BMT attenuated weight gain in all groups of chimeric mice; however, weight gain was not different between any of the groups. BMT decreased atherosclerotic lesion formation 10 fold in all groups of mice. Neither bone marrow cell specific deficiency of mPGES-1 (KO>WT) or mPGES-1 specific expression in bone marrow derived cells (WT>KO) had an effect on lesion formation compared to WT>WT or KO>KO mice. Cholesterol concentrations were decreased in KO>KO and WT>KO mice compared to WT>WT (P < 0.01) and KO>WT (P< 0.05) mice. These data suggest that mPGES-1 expression in bone marrow derived cells does not contribute to the development of atherosclerosis. Moreover, these data suggest that prostanoids may play a role in hepatic cholesterol homeostasis in mice fed HF diets enriched in cholesterol thereby contributing to atherosclerotic lesion formation. Moreover, these data provide further evidence that prostanoids play a role in regulating the accumulation of diet-induced adiposity.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.