Abstract 544: Meox1, a Novel Regulator in Tgf-ß-induced Smooth Muscle Cell Differentiation
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation is an important process during vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. It is well known that alterations of VSMC phenotype play a role in the progression of several cardiovascular disorders including atherosclerosis, hypertension, and restenosis. However, the molecular mechanisms controlling the differentiation and development of VSMC are largely unknown. Mesenchyme homeobox 1 (MEOX1) is expressed in the early developing somite and derivatives during embryogenesis. Somite has been shown to be one of the origins or progenitors for SMC. Therefore, in this study, we studied the role of MEOX1 in SMC differentiation. We found that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) induces MEOX1 expression in the initial phase of SMC differentiation of pluripotent mesenchymal C3H10T1/2 cells. MEOX1 expression appears to be mediated by both PI3 kinase and Smad3 signaling pathways because blockade of these two pathways by specific inhibitors leads to a decreased expression of MEOX1 and SMC markers. Importantly, knockdown of MEOX1 by specific shRNA suppresses TGF-β-induced expression of SMC early markers including SM22α and calponin. MEOX1 overexpression, on the other hand, increases SMC marker expression. These results indicate that MEOX1 is a novel regulator for TGF-β-induced SMC differentiation.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.