Abstract 500: Basal Peripheral Arterial Blood Flow Increases Concomitantly with Decreased Cardiopulmonary Reserve and Biomarkers Activation in Patients with Heart Failure and Preserved Ejection Fraction
Background The underlying pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains poorly understood. Changes in peripheral arterial function concomitantly with the evaluation of cardiopulmonary reserve and biomarkers related to wall stress, extra-cellular matrix turnover (ECM), subclinical inflammation and oxidative stress have not been investigated in patients with HFpEF nor compared with age-matched healthy volunteers (HV). We hypothesized that patients with HFpEF would have impairments in cardiac reserve with reduced peripheral arterial function associated with broad-spectrum biomarkers activation.
Methods Eighteen male and female HFpEF patients (aged 70 ± 9 yr) NYHA class II and III were recruited. Data from patients were compared with those from 14 age and sex matched HV. A maximal exercise testing with gas exchange analysis was completed on a treadmill using a RAMP protocol and heart rate recovery (HRR) was measured at 1 and 2 minutes following exercise. Peripheral arterial function was assessed using near infrared radionuclide plethysmography. Biomarkers included BNP, NT-proBNP, hsCRP, TBARS, 8-epi-prostaglandin F2α, MMP 1, 2, 9 and TIMP 1, 2, 3, 4) were analyzed.
Results Selected data are presented in the Table 1 and 2.
Conclusions Compared to healthy volunteers, patients with HFpEF demonstrated a significant decrease in aerobic capacity but an increase in basal peripheral arterial blood flow, subclinical inflammation and oxidative stress. The increase in resting arterial blood flow may be a compensatory mechanism for the decrease in cardiac reserve and the pro-inflammatory/oxidant milieu in these patients.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.