Abstract 398: Loss of Both Phospholipid and Triglyceride Transfer Activities of Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein in Abetalipoproteinemia
Mutations in microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) cause abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) characterized by the absence of plasma Apolipoprotein B (ApoB)-containing lipoproteins. In this study, we characterized the effects of various MTP missense mutations found in ABL patients with respect to their expression, subcellular location, and interaction with Protein Disulfide Isomerase (PDI). In addition, we characterized functional properties by analyzing phospholipid and triglyceride transfer activities and studied their ability to support apoB secretion. All the mutants co-localized with calnexin and interacted with PDI. We found that R540H and N780Y, that are known to be deficient in triglyceride transfer activity, also lacked phospholipid transfer activity. Novel mutants S590I and G746E did not transfer triglycerides and phospholipids, and did not assist in apoB secretion. In contrast, D384A displayed both triglyceride and phospholipid transfer activities and supported apoB secretion. These studies point out that ABL is associated with the absence of both triglyceride and phospholipid transfer activities in MTP.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.