Abstract 335: Vascular Histone Deacetylase Mediates Early Life Stress-Induced Endothelial Dysfunction
Chromatin remodeling is an important factor in the etiology of vascular pathologies. Also, early life stress (ELS) is linked to increased risk of vascular disease in adults. We used maternal separation with early weaning (MSEW) to study mechanisms of ELS-mediated adult vascular dysfunction in male C57BL/6J mice. Litters were subjected to maternal separation 4h/day (postnatal day (PD) 2-5) and 8h/day (PD6-16), and weaned at PD17. Control (CON) litters were undisturbed until weaning at PD21. Subsequent experiments were performed at 12 weeks old. MSEW blunted aortic ACh-mediated vasorelaxation (MSEW: 68% vs CON: 90%, p=0.01), while SNP-induced vasorelaxation was similar in CON and MSEW aortae. Apocynin (300 μM) and superoxide dismutase (100 U/mL) normalized MSEW-induced endothelial dysfunction. We hypothesize that ELS induces aortic endothelial dysfunction by increasing NADPH oxidase expression and/or decreasing nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) expression. Aortic protein expression of NADPH oxidase subunit p67 was elevated in MSEW mice (45% increase from CON, n=11, p=0.02). NOS3 protein expression and NOS3 serine 1177 phosphorylation was not different between groups, indicating that NOS3 activation by phosphorylation does not contribute to ELS-induced endothelial dysfunction. We further hypothesize that chromatin modification mediates ELS-induced endothelial dysfunction. Aortic mRNA expressions of 84 chromatin modification enzymes (methyltransferases, demethylases, acetyltransferases, deacetylases) were assessed by qRT-PCR. Only histone deacetylase (HDAC) 1, 6 and 9 mRNA levels were significantly upregulated in MSEW aortae compared to CON (17%, 29% and 67% increase, respectively, p<0.05). However, only HDAC 9 protein expression was elevated in MSEW aortae (2 fold increase from CON, n=6, p=0.01). Accordingly, histone 3 lysine acetylation was slightly decreased in MSEW aortae (16% decrease from CON, n=6, p = 0.06). Pretreatment of aortae with an HDAC inhibitor, trichostatin A (TSA), normalized ACh-induced vasorelaxation in MSEW mice (MSEW: 68% vs MSEW + TSA: 88%, p=0.02), while not affecting ACh-induced vasorelaxation in CON mice. We conclude that ELS induces endothelial dysfunction, most likely, through an HDAC 9-mediated pathway.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.