Abstract 330: Ethnic Variability in the Association of Pulse Pressure with Adhesion Pathway Proteins: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) Study
Pulse pressure (PP), defined as the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure, is considered a marker of large artery stiffness and has been shown to independently predict cardiovascular disease. Differences among ethnicities with regard to PP have been previously described, yet the underlying biological mechanisms are poorly understood. In addition, biomarkers of inflammation and matrix remodeling have been shown to be involved in the development of arterial stiffness. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of adhesion pathway components in the development of arterial stiffness measured by PP among four ethnicities. E-cadherin, HGF, L-selectin, P-selectin, 6-Ckine, MMP1, MMP2, RANTES, SDF1, SLPI, TGFβ1, TIMP2 and VCAM were measured in a random sample of 2402 participants (579 African Americans, 619 Caucasians, 600 Chinese and 604 Hispanics) in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) study at Exam 2. PP was measured concurrently and its association with each adhesion protein level was assessed via linear regression in each ethnicity. All analyses were adjusted for age, sex, and traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Mean PP was significantly different among ethnicities: 55.9±18.0 mmHg in African Americans, 52.1± 16.1 mmHg in Caucasians, 51.4±16.4 mmHg in Chinese, and 55.0±17.5 in Hispanics, p<0.001. MMP2 was positively associated with PP among African Americans (β=2.3 (0.6), p<0.001) and Caucasians (β=1.7 (0.5), p=0.001); TIMP2 among Caucasians (β=1.5 (0.5), p=0.002) and to a lesser extent among African Americans (β=1.2 (0.6) p=0.050) and Chinese (β=1.3 (0.6), p=0.034). SDF1 was associated to PP in African Americans (β=1.4 (0.6), p=0.017) and in Chinese (β=1.1 (0.5), p=0.042); finally an association existed between TGFβ1 and PP in C (β=1.1 (0.5), p=0.025). None of the studied proteins was associated with PP in Hispanics. In conclusion, components of the adhesion pathway were correlated to PP in this large multi-ethnic cohort, possibly giving new insight on the pathophysiology of arterial stiffness. In addition, heterogeneity by ethnicity suggests different mechanisms in the development of arterial stiffness.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.