Abstract 3: Apolipoprotein A-I Inhibits Streptococcal Cell Wall-Induced Arthritis in the Rat in an ABCA1-dependent Manner
Introduction. Arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by joint inflammation and destruction, reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, and increased cardiovascular risk.
Objective To determine if apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, the main HDL apolipoprotein, prevents joint inflammation in arthritis.
Methods and Results In vivo: Arthritis was induced in female Lewis rats with a single 15 mg/kg intraperitoneal streptococcal cell wall peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PG-PS) injection and quantified as a combined forepaw and hindpaw inflammation score. Arthritis progressed from an initial, acute phase of joint inflammation during the first 4 days post-PG-PS administration to remission by day 8, followed by chronic joint inflammation up to sacrifice at day 21. Two intravenous infusions of lipid-free apoA-I (8 mg/kg) 24 h pre- and 24 h post-PG-PS injection reduced the acute and chronic joint inflammation by 63±9% at day 3 and by 61±8% at day 21. Infusion of apoA-I at days 7, 9 and 11 post-PG-PS injection reduced the chronic response by 43±11% at day 21. ApoA-I infusions at 24 h prior to and at days 1, 7, 9, 11 post-PG-PS injection reduced joint inflammation by 61±5% at day 3 and by 90±5% at day 21 (p<0.05 for all vs saline infusion). These beneficial effects of apoA-I were accompanied by a reduced inflammatory white blood cell count, reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in synovial fluid, and reduced macrophage accumulation, toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and inflammatory cytokine expression in synovial tissue. In vitro: Human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs) were pre-incubated with lipid-free apoA-I, then stimulated with PG-PS (20 μg/mL). Pre-incubation with apoA-I inhibited PG-PS-induced TLR2 and MyD88, a TLR2 adapter protein, expression. Nuclear factor-κB activation and pro-inflammatory cytokine production were also attenuated. These anti-inflammatory effects of apoA-I were abolished in HMDMs transfected with ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABCA1) siRNA.
Conclusions These findings establish that apoA-I attenuates PG-PS induced arthritis in the rat. These effects may involve ABCA-1 and inhibition of TLR2 expression and activation.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.