Abstract 279: Role of Caveolin-1 in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm induced by Angiotensin II
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a significant cause of mortality for adults aged >60 years. Accumulating evidence suggests that activation of the AT1 receptor by angiotensin II (AngII) in AAA formation. While several downstream signals and target proteins have been identified in this pathway, there is a huge void in our knowledge regarding the AngII-sensitive proximal events primarily responsible for AAA formation. We recently reported that caveolae membrane microdomains in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) mediate a metalloprotease ADAM17-dependent EGF receptor (EGFR) transactivation which linked to vascular remodeling induced by AngII. Given that ADAM17 expression is one of the key features in AAA, we have tested our hypothesis that caveolin-1 (Cav1), a major structural protein of caveolae, in the vasculature plays a critical role for development of AAA via its regulation on ADAM17. 8 week old male Cav1-/- mice and the control C57Bl/6 wild-type (WT) mice were co-infused with AngII and BAPN, a lysyl oxidase inhibitor, to induce AAA. We found that Cav1-/- mice did not develop AAA compared to C57Bl/6 mice in spite of hypertension assessed by telemetry in both groups. This finding suggests that the AngII signaling essential for vascular contraction remains in place in Cav1-/- mice. We found an increased expression of ADAM17 and auto-phosphorylation of EGFR in WT abdominal aortae with aneurysms that were markedly attenuated in Cav1-/- mice infused with AngII+BAPN. Furthermore, Cav1-/- mice with the infusion showed less oxidative stress and ER stress than their WT counterparts as assessed by nitrotyrosine staining and KDEL/p-eIF2a staining, respectively. In conclusion, Cav1 and presumably vascular caveolae micro-domain appear to play a critical role in the formation of AAA in mice via regulation of the ADAM17/EGFR signaling axis and subsequent induction of ER/oxidative stress.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.