Abstract 255: Cytoprotective Effects of Erythropoietin and Erythropoietin-derivatives in Ischaemic Human Myotubes and the Role of Pi3k/akt Signalling Pathway
Objectives Erythropoietin (Epo) has tissue-protective effects in response to injury, acting through the EpoR-βcR heteroreceptor. We have previously demonstrated the presence and interaction of the EpoR and βcR in human skeletal muscle. Here we aim to investigate the potential cytoprotective effects of Epo and an Epo-derivative (ARA-290) in a human in vitro model of skeletal muscle and establish a potential downstream signalling pathway utilised in protecting cells from apoptosis (including Jak-2, PI3k/Akt, NFkB).
Methods Gastrocnemius muscle biopsies were obtained from patients with critical limb ischaemia and control samples were obtained from non-ischaemic patients. Human myoblasts were isolated from muscle biopsies, cultured, and allowed to differentiate into myotubes in order to investigate the cytoprotective effects of Epo and ARA-290 on myotubes subjected to simulated ischaemia. The PI3k inhibitors, LY294002 and wortmannin, were then used to determine the role of PI3k/Akt pathway in mediating cytoprotection. Following this, inhibitors against the upstreatm (Jak-2) and downstream (NFkB) molecules were also investigated. Western blot analysis, using the pro-apoptotic marker cleaved caspase-3 was performed and compared with levels of Akt and phosphorylated-Akt, using western blot analysis.
Results Exogenous administration of Epo and ARA-290 were able to ameliorate the ischaemia-induced apoptosis on isolated human myotubes as shown by a significant reduction in cleaved caspase-3 expression. Addition of all inhibitors, to ARA-290 or Epo pre-treated cells, abolished the reduction in apoptosis.
Conclusion The ability of ARA-290 to attenuate apoptosis in human myotubes undergoing ischaemic insult suggests a potential role in tissue protection in skeletal muscle injury. We propose that the PI3k/Akt signalling pathway is involved in mediating this cytoprotection.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.