Abstract 229: Protein Kinase D-1 Regulates CD36 Transcription and Arteriogenic Differentiation of Endothelial Cells
CD36 is a microvascular endothelial cell (MVEC) receptor mediating angiostatic activity of TSP-1 and related proteins. We previously reported that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a biologically active lipid signaling mediator, inhibited MVEC CD36 transcription via PKD-1 signaling. Moreover, CD36 transcriptional repression abolished endothelial cell responses to TSP-1 in vitro and in vivo. We now show with luciferase transfection assays that LPA exposure significantly suppressed CD36 promoter activity in MVEC. Co-exposure to class II HDAC inhibitors SAHA or TSA reversed the inhibition of promoter activity and restored transcription. HDAC7 knockdown by shRNA also attenuated LPA-suppressed CD36 promoter activity and mRNA levels. Mechanistically, FoxO1 was found to directly interact with putative FoxO1 binding sites (FHRE) in proximal promoter in vitro by avidin-biotin-conjugated DNA-binding assay, and in vivo by chromatin IP assay. Furthermore, FHRE mutations significantly attenuated the promoter activity. Western blots and immunofluorescence microscopy showed increased nuclear accumulation of PKD-1, FoxO1 and HADC7 after MVEC were exposed to LPA. Co-IP of nuclear extracts showed a physical interaction of HDAC7 with FoxO1 that was attenuated with PKD-1 knockdown. These data demonstrate that HDAC7 modulation by LPA receptor/PKD-1 signaling pathway represses FoxO1-mediated CD36 transcriptional activity. Additionally, angiogenic transcription profiling of endothelial cells revealed significantly increased mRNA expression of 17 angiogenic genes in response to LPA, including ephrin B2 expression that was confirmed by Western Blots. Transduction of constitutively active PKD-1 (PKD-CA) into EC also increased ephrin B2 expression. Functionally, PKD-CA overexpression promoted branching morphogenesis of arterial endothelial cells in a three-dimensional spheroid assay. The data indicate that PKD-1 is a potent angiogenic and arteriogenic kinase in EC by down-regulating CD36 transcription and promoting arteriogenesis. PKD-1-FoxO1-CD36 signaling axis may have potential as an important target in cardiovascular ischemia and malignant tumors.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.