Abstract 163: The Prevalence of the Metabolically Healthy Obese Phenotype in an Aging Population and its Association with Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease: The Brazilian Study on Healthy Aging
BACKGROUND Obese and overweight individuals have been shown to be at higher risk of CVD events than normal weight individuals. Current literature has elucidated a new phenotype, Metabolically Healthy Obese (MHO), with risks of CVD similar to that of normal weight individuals. Few studies have examined the MHO phenotype in an aging population, especially in association with subclinical cardiovascular disease.
METHODS The cross sectional study population consisted of 208 individuals (79% Female), age 80 and older (mean age 84±4, range 80-102). Anthropometrics & biochemical parameters were measured. The Adult Treatment Panel definition of metabolic syndrome (MetS), excluding waist circumference, criteria was used to define metabolically healthy (<3 MetS components) versus unhealthy. A combination of BMI and waist circumference were used to define normal weight and overweight/obese. Multidetector-row cardiac CT for coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was used to detect subclinical atherosclerosis. High reactive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) was measured to assess degree of underlying inflammation.
RESULTS The prevalence of MHO defined by BMI≥25 kg/m2 &/or waist circumference >88cm in women, >102cm in men & having 3mg/dl, Uric Acid >6 mg/dl (p=NS). Gender, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides, and SBP was significantly associated with MHO (p<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that the MHO phenotype is still seen in octogenarians, but at lower rates than in the general population suggesting MHO may not simply be an intermediary stage, driven by length of spent in the obese state. Those with this phenotype tended to have lower triglycerides, higher HDL, and lower body fat % than their metabolically at risk obese counterparts (p<0.05), however, degree of subclinical CVD was not different. Further studies are needed to explore the related risk of CVD among MHO octogenarians.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.