Abstract 159: Comparing Blood Pressure Control in Diabetic vs Non-Diabetic Veterans following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Background As per the US Joint National Committee VII (JNC-7) recommendations, patients with known underlying coronary artery disease and diabetes should have goal blood pressures (BP) of systolic (SBP) <130 and diastolic (DBP) <80 to decrease morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disease. In addition to lifestyle modification, these goals can be attained by use of multiple classes of drugs including beta-blockers (BB), angiotensin agonists (ACE-I/ARB), calcium channel blockers (CCB), diuretics and nitrates.
Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study focusing on the attainment of the JNC-7 guidelines, comparing outcomes between 415 diabetic to 637 non-diabetic patients undergoing PCI between September 2004 and December 2012 at the Jesse Brown Veterans Administration Hospital in Chicago, IL. Blood pressure (BP) measurements and antihypertensive medications pre and post PCI at 6-month follow-up were documented.
Results Among the diabetic population, the mean SBP decreased from 136 to 131 mmHg (p < 0.0001) and mean DBP decreased from 73 to 70 mmHg (p < 0.0001). In the non-diabetics, the mean SBP decreased from 133 to 127 mmHg (p < 0.0001) and the mean DBP decreased from 74 to 71 mmHg (p < 0.0001).
With regards to JNC-7 guidelines, the percent of diabetics at SBP goal increased from 42% to 49% (p = 0.047) and percent at DBP goal increased from 74% to 82% (p = 0.008). In non-diabetics, percent at goal for SBP increased from 46% to 57% (p < 0.0001) and percent at DBP goal increased from 68% to 76% (p = 0.003). Among diabetics, there was a statistically significant (p <0.0001) increase in use of BB from 77% to 90%. In non-diabetics, there was a statistically significant (p <0.0001) increase in use of BB from 64% to 86% and ACE-I/ARB from 51% to 70%.
Conclusions In both groups (diabetics and non-diabetics) undergoing PCI, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure improved with more patients achieving JNC-7 targets. Among diabetics, there was a significant increase in utilization of BB. Among non-diabetics, there was a significant increase in utilization of BB and ACE-I/ARB.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.