Abstract 111: A Novel Assay that Incorporates Measurement of Ex Vivo LCAT Activity with Measurement of Cholesterol Efflux Capacity - Assessment of Two Biomarkers of Serum HDL Function
Atheroprotective properties of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) may be due to the ability to remove lipids from peripheral cells to the liver for excretion during reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Assays that measure functionality of serum HDL are needed to evaluate the therapeutic potential of treatments targeting HDL metabolism. Recent work shows an inverse correlation between cholesterol efflux capacity of serum HDL and coronary artery disease, demonstrating the value of measuring HDL functionality. Another function of HDL that promotes RCT is the capacity for esterification of cholesterol by lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). A novel assay was developed that in addition to measurement of serum HDL efflux capacity incorporates measuring the capacity for esterification of HDL-cholesterol by LCAT. Assay methodology includes measurement of global cholesterol efflux via all known pathways (ABCA1, SR-BI, ABCG1 and passive diffusion) from J774 macrophage cells to serum HDL, and measurement of the proportion of cholesterol transferred to serum HDL that is esterified by LCAT over 4h. Assay validation included assessment of intra-assay repeatability, inter-assay precision, linearity, LOQ and specificity. Results showed the intra-assay variability (%CV) from six independent preparations of serum HDL is ≤10% for both the % efflux and the % esterification of cholesterol. Inter-assay variability between four separate assays is ≤13% for both the % efflux and the % esterification of cholesterol. Cholesterol efflux is linear up to concentrations of 2.8% serum HDL and cholesterol esterification is linear up to concentrations of 4% serum. The LOQ for the assay is 0.15% cholesterol efflux and 0.40% cholesterol esterification. Global cholesterol efflux was determined to be specific for known cholesterol acceptors such as serum HDL (p≤0.0001 versus media blank). The cholesterol esterification measured was determined to be specific for the action of LCAT because the presence of LCAT inhibitor decreased the % ester by 86-97% (p≤0.0009). This novel assay allows the measurement of two functional aspects of an individual subject’s serum HDL, the capacities for both cholesterol efflux and for esterification of cholesterol by LCAT.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.