Abstract 106: Transintestinal Cholesterol Excretion and Macrophage Reverse Cholesterol Transport are not Stimulated in Hepatic ABCG8 Knockdown Mice Treated with an LXR Agonist
Transintestinal cholesterol excretion (TICE) is a recently discovered pathway by which cholesterol travels from plasma to the small intestine for direct excretion into the feces. Hallmarks of animal models with TICE include severely diminished biliary cholesterol secretion but near normal levels of hepatic cholesterol and fecal neutral sterol excretion. Using an ATP binding cassette transporter G8 (ABCG8) antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) to knock down ABCG8 specifically in liver (G8HKD), we created a novel mouse model with significantly decreased biliary cholesterol excretion but a 658% increase in hepatic cholesterol accumulation and a 78% reduction in fecal neutral sterol excretion, indicating a dysfunction in the TICE pathway. LXR agonists have previously been shown to stimulate the TICE pathway. In order to more definitively prove the TICE pathway was disfunctional in G8HKD mice, we treated wild type (WT) and G8HKD mice with the LXR agonist T0901317 and measured markers of TICE stimulation. As expected, in WT mice, T0901317 doubled biliary cholesterol concentrations. A similar effect was seen in G8HKD mice treated with T0901317, but biliary cholesterol concentrations remained significantly less than their WT counterparts. These levels of biliary cholesterol closely mirrored hepatic ABCG8 mRNA expression. T0901317 stimulated fecal neutral sterol excretion by >1000% in wild type mice but only by 190% in G8HKD mice. These data indicate that TICE is disfunctional in G8HDK mice since the pathway was not stimulated to the same extent in WT and G8HKD mice by an LXR agonist. Some controversy remains over whether the TICE pathway transports macrophage derived cholesterol. In order to address this issue, we performed a macrophage RCT assay on WT and TICE disfunctional G8HKD mice. T0901317 stimulated macrophage RCT (fecal neutral sterol 3H dpm) by >2300% in wild type mice but only by 370% in G8HKD mice. T0901317 increased fecal acidic sterol 3H count by 65-75% in both wild type and G8HKD mice. These results indicate that macrophage RCT is impaired when the TICE pathway is decreased. In sum, our data shows that hepatic ABCG8 plays a key role in the TICE pathway and that impairing the TICE pathway through hepatic ABCG8 knockdown causes decreased macrophage RCT.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.