Abstract 81: B Lymphocytes Trigger MCP3-Dependent Mobilization of Monocytes and Promote Adverse Ventricular Remodeling After Myocardial Infarction
Leukocyte infiltration in ischemic areas is a hallmark of myocardial infarction, and persistent infiltration of innate immune cells, such as neutrophils and Ly6Chi monocytes, has been shown to promote adverse cardiac tissue remodeling. However, little is known regarding the role of mature B lymphocytes, which play a crucial role in the activation of the inflammatory response in several immune-mediated diseases. Here, we hypothesized that B lymphocytes might modulate the inflammatory response and affect the immune-dependent adverse cardiac remodeling. In a mouse model of myocardial infarction, cardiac B lymphocytes levels peaked at day 5 after the onset of infarction. Of interest, treatment with a CD20-specific monoclonal antibody decreased circulating and infiltrating B cell numbers (p=0.0008 and p=0.0002 vs control), reduced infarct size and post-ischemic immunoinflammatory response, and improved cardiac function (p=0.02 vs control) assessed by echocardiography. Intriguingly, B cell depletion was associated with an impairment of Ly6Chi monocytes mobilization from bone marrow (p=0.02 vs control), leading to reduced levels of circulating and infiltrating cardiac monocytes. The acute infarction led to transient increase of both MCP-1 and MCP-3 levels. Interestingly, B cell depletion was associated with a significant and selective reduction of MCP-3 (p=0.03 vs control) but did not alter MCP-1 levels (p=0.11). Cultured activated B cells released MCP-3 and treatment with a neutralizing MCP-3 antibody abrogated B lymphocytes-induced migration of cultured monocytes. Finally, transfer of B cell-depleted splenocytes into Rag1-/- mice improved cardiac function after myocardial infarction compared to the transfer of non-depleted splenocytes (p=0.005). This effect was abrogated after re-supplementation with B lymphocytes isolated from wild-type mice (p=0.0007) but not from MCP-3-deficient animals (p=0.7008). In conclusion, we show that following acute myocardial infarction, B lymphocytes, trigger an MCP-3-dependent mobilization of Ly6Chi monocytes from the bone marrow to the blood, leading to their recruitment into the injured myocardium and to exacerbation of tissue inflammation, thereby promoting adverse cardiac remodeling.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.