Abstract 531: Tie-2/Cre--Mediated Conditional Deletion of Lipid Phosphate Phosphatase-3 Reveals Its Role in Endothelial Cell Apoptosis
Rationale: A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) has linked a frequently occurring variation in the LPP3 (also known as PPAP2b) loci to increased risk of coronary heart disease (CAD). However, the in vivo function of LPP3 in vascular endothelial cell is incompletely understood.
Goal: To address the endothelial cell (EC) specific function of Lpp3 in mice.
Results: Tie-2/Cre mediated Lpp3 deletion did not affect normal vasculogenesis in early embryonic development, in contrast, in late embryonic stages it led to impaired angiogenesis associated with hemorrhage, edema and late embryonic lethal phenotype. Immunohistochemical staining followed by microscopic analyses of mutant embryos revealed reduced fibronectin and VE-cadherin expression throughout different vascular bed, and increased apoptosis in CD31+ vascular structures. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) showed the presence of apoptotic endothelial cells and disruption of adherens junctions in mutant embryos. LPP3-knockdown in vitro showed an increase in p53 and p21 protein levels, with concomitant decrease in cell proliferation. LPP3-knockdown also decreased transendothelial electrical resistance (TER), interestingly re-expression of ß-catenin cDNA into LPP3-depleted endothelial cells partially restored the effect of loss of LPP3.
Conclusion: These results suggest the ability of LPP3 to regulate survival and apoptotic activities of endothelial cells during patho/physiological angiogenesis.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.