Abstract 523: Acetylation of Cyclophilin A in Response to Oxidative Stress Enhances Its Expression and Secretion
Objective: Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is a Secreted OXidative stress-induced Factor (SOXF) secreted by cardiovascular cells in response to Angiotensin II (Ang II) and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Extracellular CyPA is a proinflammatory mediator that regulates vascular remodeling, abdominal aortic aneurysm, atherosclerosis and cardiac hypertrophy. Post-translational modification of CyPA by acetylation in response to ROS has been described. Moreover, acetylation of CyPA is important in HIV pathogenesis. The mechanism and regulation of CyPA acetylation as well as its role in cardiovascular diseases are currently unknown. We hypothesized that Ang II regulates oxidative stress-induced CyPA acetylation that alters its expression and/or secretion in vascular smooth muscle cells.
Methods and results: Ang II (1μM) increased acetylation of CyPA (Acyl-CyPA) in a time dependent manner, with a peak at 8hr (3.5±0.6 fold increase) in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMC) as shown by Western blot. Mouse aortic smooth muscle cells from mice lacking CyPA (CyPA-/-) and wild type controls (WT) confirmed that Ang II induced acetylation reactivity coincided exactly with CyPA reactivity. In AT1R and CyPA cotransfected HeLa cells, Ang II increased Acyl-CyPA in a time dependent manner consistent with that in RASMC. The ROS scavengers Tiron or N-acetylcysteine significantly inhibited Ang II induced Acyl-CyPA in a dose dependent manner in RASMC. Ang II-induced CyPA acetylation was enhanced by 2 hr pretreatment with histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin (TSA) or sirtinol in a dose dependent manner. Similarly, Ang II-induced CyPA secretion was enhanced by pretreatment with TSA (1μM) in a time dependent manner. Moreover, acetyltransferase p300 and PCAF (p300/CBP-asociated factor) inhibitor anacardic acid (6-nonadecyl salicylic acid) dramatically inhibited CyPA expression, and Ang II induced Acyl-CyPA in a dose dependent manner.
Conclusion: These results suggest that Ang II-induced CyPA acetylation is oxidative stress dependent, and that acetylation enhanced CyPA expression and secretion. Detailed mechanistic studies of the regulation of CyPA acetylation will help to identify a future therapeutic target for CyPA regulated cardiovascular diseases.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.