Abstract 366: Sirtuin 6 Reduces Osteogenic Signaling in Aortic Valve Interstitial Cells and Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells
Cardiovascular calcification is often an active process involving re-differentiation of cells to an osteoblast-like phenotype, and is strongly associated with aging. Sirtuins are histone and protein deacetylases that play a critical role in a number of age-related diseases, and SIRT6-deficient mice have the most profound progeroid phenotype. The role of SIRT6 in the regulation of cardiovascular calcification, however, is poorly understood. We hypothesized that age-related reductions in sirtuins promote osteogenic differentiation in cells from aortic valve and aorta. We used aortic valve interstitial cells isolated from SIRT6-deficient mice, pigs, or humans, and vascular smooth muscle cells from mouse aorta to determine whether osteogenic differentiation of cardiovascular cells is regulated by SIRT6 levels. In line with our hypothesis, we found increased p-SMAD1/5/8 levels in cells from SIRT6-deficient aortic valve and aorta. Second, global SIRT inhibition with NAD+-depletion increased histone acetylation and protein levels of the osteogenic proteins Sp7 and Runx2. Third, inhibition of SIRTs enhanced the transcriptional responses of Sp7 and Runx2 when cells were treated with BMP2. Fourth, knockdown of SIRT6 in mouse and human aorta and aortic valve cells by RNA interference increased Sp7 expression. Finally, chronic pharmacological inhibition of SIRTs promoted calcified nodule formation and calcium deposition in cultured mouse/swine aortic valve cells. Collectively, our data suggest that reductions in SIRT6 levels favor amplification of pro-osteogenic signaling and osteogenic differentiation of cardiovascular cells and promote the formation of calcified nodules in vitro. These data also suggest that sirtuin re-activation may be a useful therapy to slow initiation and/or progression of cardiovascular calcification in vivo.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.