Abstract 272: Impaired Arteriogenesis in Cystathionine Gamma-Lyase (CSE) and Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS) Mutant Mice
Introduction: Arteriogenesis is an important process involving remodeling of collateral vasculature during chronic or intermittent tissue ischemia. CSE and eNOS are the two principle enzymes for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and Nitric Oxide (NO) generation. Although role of NO during arteriogenesis is partially known, the role of CSE dependent H2S production during arteriogenesis remains unknown.
Hypothesis/objective: We sought to determine the role of CSE generated H2S on arteriogenesis activity of CSE knockout (CSEKO) mice compared to eNOS knock out (eNOSKO) and wild type (WT) mice during hind limb ischemia.
Method: Permanent unilateral hind limb ischemia was induced in 12-week-old CSE KO, eNOS KO, and WT mice and studied until day 21. Tissue perfusion was measured using indicator dye blush rates with the SPY Imager system over time along with laser doppler flowmetry. Temporal development of arterial remodeling was also observed using SPY imaging, and vessel number, length and branch morphometry determined over time. Microfil vascular casting was performed to further examine the number of collaterals in ischemic muscles at the end of the study. Histological arteriogenesis was evaluated by vascular smooth muscle actin (SMA) positive vessel density with dual fluorescence staining of anti-CD31 (endothelial positive cell) and anti-α-SMA antibodies.
Results: Tissue perfusion was significantly impaired in CSE KO and eNOS KO mice compared to WT mice at different time points throughout the study period. Both CSE KO and eNOS KO mice showed significantly less blush rate than WT mice. SMA positive vessel density was also significantly less in CSE KO and eNOS KO mice than that in WT mice.
Conclusion: CSE generated H2S and eNOS derived NO play important roles in regulating ischemic arterial remodeling as demonstrated in our studies. The mechanism of impaired arteriogenesis in both mutant mice and the interaction between these two gasotransmitters has yet to be elucidated.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.