Abstract 270: Decrease of BNP Concentrations in Blood Perfusing Extremities of Patients with Advanced Peripheral Arterial Disease
Rationale: The role of cardiac natriuretic peptides (NPs) in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) or thromboangiitis obliterans (TA) is unknown. Recent studies in mice suggested that BNP may be produced outside the heart in the ischemic limbs contributing to peripheral angiogenesis.
Objective: Determine if synthesis or consumption/degradation of NPs occur in the ischemic legs of patients with PAD or TA.
Methods: 32 patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) or claudication (PAD n=31; TA n=1; 20 males; mean age 72.9 years) underwent diagnostic angiography or revascularization. We determined differences of concentrations of BNP, NT-proBNP, and CNP in the blood of proximal veins and arteries of both legs. Concentrations differences were then compared between the more ischemic target and the contralateral self-control legs.
Results: Values are means ± SD. P values <0.05 were considered significant.
In the PAD group, in the target extremity, concentration step-ups of NT-proBNP (11±68; p=0.40) and CNP (0.45±6.22; p=0.71) were not significant from the arterial to venous blood. In the contralateral self-control legs, NT-proBNP and CNP concentrations drops were also not significant (-37±160, p=0.7; -0.89±4.09, p=0.23). Venous BNP concentrations were significantly lower than arterial both in the target (-66±153, p<0.001) and self-control legs (-59±107, p<0.001). BNP concentrations drops were greater in the CLI than claudication cases driving the overall significance. In the patient with TA, whose only identifiable PAD risk factor was smoking, arterial concentrations of NPs were generally low (NT-proBNP 81; BNP 46; CNP 8.2), but higher than venous concentrations (80; 41; 6.7).
Conclusion: Significantly lower venous BNP concentrations suggest possible BNP consumption/degradation in the ischemic legs. Concentrations of NT-proBNP, that has a longer half-life than BNP, were more stable suggesting no significant local production or conversion to BNP. CNP concentrations were stable. Recognizing the angiogenic properties of NPs and lack of evidence of peripheral production, studies are warranted in humans with PAD to determine the potential angiogenic properties of exogenous NPs supplementation in what could be considered a local NPs deficiency state.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.