Abstract 228: Secretion of Bone Marrow--Derived Cells Contributes to Pressure-Overload--Induced Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Bone marrow derived cells, especially inflammatory cells, may contribute to the pathological progression of pressure overload induced left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis. Previously, we reported that inflammatory cell accumulation and upregulation of cytokines in hearts of mice that had undergone transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery predicted later cardiac hypertrophic and fibrotic remodeling. However, the underlining mechanisms are still not clear. One potential mechanism for inflammatory cells to modulate their environment and affect surrounding cells is through release of cargo stored in granules. Jinx mice - which contain a single point mutation in Unc13d encoding the Munc13-4 protein, a limiting factor in vesicular priming and fusion - have defects in granular secretion in hematopoietic cells, such as platelets, NK cells, and neutrophils. In the current study, we investigated the role of bone marrow cell granule secretion in TAC-induced LV remodeling by creating with bone marrow transplantation chimeric mice specifically lacking Munc13-4 in marrow derived cells. Both wild-type mice (WT) that were transplanted with WT bone marrow and WT mice that received Jinx bone marrow developed LVH and a classic fetal reprogramming response early (7 days) after TAC. However, at later times (5 weeks), mice lacking Munc13-4 in bone marrow-derived cells failed to sustain the cardiac hypertrophy observed in mice with WT bone marrow. No difference in cardiac fibrosis was observed at early or late times. These results suggest that sustained LVH in the setting of pressure overload depends on factor(s) secreted from bone marrow-derived cells, likely from either platelets, NK cells and/or neutrophils. Inhibiting granule cargo release may represent a novel therapeutic target to prevent the development of LVH.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.