Lipoprotein lipase is produced by cardiac myocytes rather than interstitial cells in human myocardium.
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) may play an important role in myocardial metabolism by releasing free fatty acids from triglycerides for oxidation by myocytes. However, studies in species other than humans have differed in their conclusions as to whether LPL is produced by cardiac myocytes or interstitial cells. The location and source of LPL in human myocardium were determined on formalin-fixed samples from 25 cardiomyopathy patients and seven control patients. LPL protein was detected immunohistochemically on cardiac myocytes, adipocytes, and endothelial cells, as well as on interstitial cells consisting of both vascular pericytes and smooth muscle cells. In all 32 patients, in situ hybridization localized LPL mRNA to cardiac myocytes and adipocytes, but LPL mRNA was not detected in interstitial cells. Quantitative in situ hybridization failed to reveal correlations between LPL mRNA levels and New York Heart Association functional class, left ventricular ejection fraction, or beta-adrenergic agonist therapy. Also, quantitative in situ hybridization demonstrated apparently linear loss of detectable myocardial mRNA after onset of ischemia, with a disappearance half-time of approximately 26 hours. In summary, LPL is produced primarily by cardiac myocytes rather than by interstitial cells in human myocardium. Furthermore, LPL protein is present on cells with and without detectable LPL mRNA, suggesting that LPL is translocated from sites of synthesis to sites of utilization.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association