Impact of apolipoprotein E polymorphism on lipoproteins and risk of myocardial infarction. The ECTIM Study.
Human apolipoprotein (apo) E, a polymorphic protein with three common alleles, epsilon 2, epsilon 3, and epsilon 4, plays an important role in lipoprotein metabolism. This article describes the association of this polymorphism with lipids, apolipoproteins, and lipoproteins with a particular regard to lipoprotein particles, as defined by their apolipoprotein content, as well as the risk of myocardial infarction in a multicenter population-based case-control study (ECTIM study). In the ECTIM study, 574 male patients aged 25 to 64 were examined 3 to 9 months after myocardial infarction in four regions participating in the World Health Organization MONICA project: Belfast (Northern Ireland) and Lille, Strasbourg, and Toulouse (France). Control subjects (n = 722) were randomly selected from the regional populations. The distribution of apoE phenotypes was significantly different across the four control samples (P = .04), with a higher frequency of the epsilon 4 allele in Belfast (14.3%) than in Toulouse (8.2%). The association of apoE polymorphism with biological measurements was studied in the control groups (n = 640) after men with coronary heart disease or those taking hypolipidemic drugs were omitted, with the apoE3/3 phenotype as a reference after adjustment for concomitant factors. Individuals carrying the epsilon 2 allele had lower levels of plasma cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and apoB and higher levels of triglycerides, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), apoC-III, apoE, lipoprotein (Lp) C-III:B, and Lp E:B. However, the effect of the epsilon 2 allele on triglyceride, VLDL-C, apoE, and Lp E:B parameters was heterogeneous across the populations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association