Apolipoprotein(a) phenotype-associated decrease in lipoprotein(a) plasma concentrations after renal transplantation.
High lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] plasma concentrations are an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. In the general population, Lp(a) levels are primarily determined by allelic variation at the apolipoprotein(a) [apo(a)] gene locus. Apo(a) isoforms of various sizes are associated with different Lp(a) concentrations. Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have elevated plasma concentrations of Lp(a), which are not explained by the size variation at the apo(a) gene locus. To further investigate the origin of the elevated Lp(a) plasma concentrations, we examined Lp(a) concentrations and apo(a) phenotypes in 154 ESRD patients undergoing renal transplantation. In a prospective longitudinal study we observed a rapid normalization of Lp(a) levels from an average concentration of 25.9 +/- 28.7 mg/dL before to 17.9 +/- 25.5 mg/dL 3 weeks after renal transplantation (P < .0001). Only patients with high-molecular-weight phenotypes had a significant decrease in Lp(a) plasma concentrations. This study demonstrates the nongenetic origin of elevated Lp(a) concentrations in ESRD patients, which is obviously caused by the disease. It further confirms a phenotype-associated elevation of Lp(a) concentrations in ESRD.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association