DNA variants at the LPL gene locus associate with angiographically defined severity of atherosclerosis and serum lipoprotein levels in a Welsh population.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) patients (n = 235), comprising minimal (CAD-, n = 124) and severe (CAD+, n = 111) CAD, were recruited on the basis of their angiographic scores. Male control subjects (n = 123) were selected randomly from the Caerphilly Heart Study cohort. Subjects were genotyped for the Ser447-Ter mutation and HindIII/Pvu II restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the lipoprotein lipase gene and investigated for associations with severity and development of CAD and lipid and lipoprotein levels. The Ser447-Ter mutation showed no significant associations with CAD or dyslipidemia but was related to favorable lipid and lipoprotein profiles. The H2H2 genotype (P < .05) and H2 allele (P = .05) were significantly more frequent in CAD+ versus CAD- and control subjects versus CAD-. H2H2 subjects, among the entire male cohort, had significantly higher levels of apolipoprotein B (P = .0002), total cholesterol (P < .004), and triglycerides (P < .04) than alternative genotypes. P2P2 associated with significantly lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (P < .01). The H2 allele had most significant associations with raised apolipoprotein B levels compared with other biochemical parameters. Our data suggest that the H2 allele may be a linkage marker for an etiologic mutation for dyslipidemia and the severity and development of atherosclerosis; this is not the Ser447-Ter mutation.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association