The LPL gene in individuals with familial combined hyperlipidemia and decreased LPL activity.
Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is an oligogenic disorder, with family members having elevated apolipoprotein B-100 levels and either elevated plasma cholesterol or triglyceride levels or both. Obligate heterozygous parents of children with lipoprotein lipase (LPL) deficiency express a mild FCHL phenotype. Of patients with FCHL, 36% have diminished postheparin LPL activity and mass values that are comparable with those of obligate heterozygotes for LPL deficiency. It is hypothesized that heterozygosity for mutations in the LPL gene could contribute to FCHL in this subset of patients. Single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis, direct DNA sequencing, and Southern blot analysis were used to examine exons 1 through 9 and exon-intron junctions of the LPL gene in 20 patients with FCHL and low LPL activity and mass. One subject had a substitution (GAC-->AAC) in exon 2, changing Asp9 to Asn. Two subjects had a previously undescribed "silent" substitution (GTG-->GTA) in exon 3 at Val108. Three patients had a premature termination at codon 447 in exon 9 resulting in truncation of the mature protein by two amino acids. In addition to SSCP analysis, exons 4, 5, and 6, where almost all mutations in LPL-deficient patients have been found, were sequenced and no additional mutations were found. Southern blot analysis of the LPL gene revealed one subject with heterozygous loss of an EcoRI site but without an abnormality in Stu I restriction fragments; this mutation is therefore unlikely to be functionally significant. The substitutions identified at codons 9 and 447 have previously been found not to affect lipolytic activity when expressed in vitro.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association