Stimulation of PAI-1 expression in endothelial cells by cultured vascular smooth muscle cells.
Regulation of endothelial cell (EC) plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), the primary physiological inhibitor of tissue-type plasminogen activator (TPA) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (UPA), by various stimuli has been well characterized. We report the upregulation of secreted and intracellular PAI-1 in human umbilical ECs when cocultured with human smooth muscle cells (SMCs) on amniotic membranes or incubated with SMC conditioned medium (CM) under serum-free conditions as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cocultured human umbilical vein ECs and SMCs, or human umbilical artery ECs and SMCs, displayed a 73% and 68% increase, respectively, in released PAI-1. SMC-derived stimulatory factor release showed tissue specificity, since only human aortic, umbilical vein, and umbilical artery SMCs upregulated PAI-1 synthesis, whereas SMCs from human mammary artery, pulmonary artery, and saphenous vein did not. Stimulation of EC PAI-1 by SMC CM was both time and concentration dependent, with as much as five- and fourfold increases in supernatants and lysates, respectively. PAI-1 synthesis and activity in ECs from other vascular beds were also upregulated by SMC CM. Northern blot analysis paralleled the protein results, showing as much as a 2.7-fold increase in specific EC PAI-1 mRNA expression after incubation with SMC CM for 8 hours. PAI-1 stimulatory activity in SMC CM was completely abolished by boiling or incubation with protamine sulfate and was reduced by transient acidification or heparin-Sepharose pretreatment by 33% or 48%, respectively. The stimulatory factor(s) appeared to have a molecular mass of 23 kD as determined by gel filtration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association