Differential expression of scavenger receptor isoforms during monocyte-macrophage differentiation and foam cell formation.
Scavenger receptors mediate binding and uptake of chemically modified lipoproteins. cDNA cloning of the human macrophage scavenger receptor (MSR) reveals the presence of two mRNA species, the type I and II isoforms, which are generated by 3' alternative splicing of a single MSR gene and translated into two proteins with different C-terminal domains. We studied MSR isoform expression during the differentiation from circulating monocytes to adherent macrophages and subsequently to lipid-laden foam cells. Differentiation from monocyte to macrophage was associated with a prominent increase in MSR expression on the mRNA, protein, and cell surface levels, leading to an increased uptake of acetylated low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Further analyses of mRNA and proteins revealed that both MSR isoforms were present in low and approximately equal amounts on the surface of CD14+ peripheral blood monocytes; these cells had approximately similar levels of type I and type II MSR mRNA species. During differentiation to macrophages, there was a rapid, selective increase in type I MSR mRNA, with type II mRNA being expressed at approximately the same level as in the monocyte. This, in turn, resulted in an increase in type I MSR protein on the cell surface during differentiation from monocyte to macrophage. Type I MSR mRNA also dominated during the transformation of macrophages to foam cells in the presence of acetylated LDL. These findings suggest that the increased uptake of modified LDL during differentiation from monocyte to macrophage is accomplished by a selective upregulation of type I MSRs on the mRNA level. The increased expression of type I MSRs may be important for foam cell formation.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association