Cell proliferation after balloon injury of iliac arteries in the cholesterol-fed New Zealand White rabbit.
Acute mechanical injury of an artery results in neointimal hyperplasia that is due at least in part to cell proliferation within the vessel wall. The purpose of this study was to quantify cell proliferation activity in the iliac artery of New Zealand White rabbits after balloon injury and cholesterol feeding. Retrograde pullback balloon injury of iliac arteries was performed, and the animals were then fed a 2% cholesterol diet. At intervals from day 1 through day 35 postinjury, iliac arteries were obtained for histological analysis. Intimal and medial areas were measured morphometrically. Total number of cells within the intima and media was counted. Smooth muscle cell-predominant or macrophage-predominant regions of the intima and media were identified using HHF-35 and RAM-11 immunocytochemical markers, respectively. Number of cells in the proliferative phase of the cell cycle was measured by using the proliferating cell nuclear antigen and bromodeoxyuridine techniques. Thirty-one arteries from 16 rabbits were available for analysis. Total number of cells and number of cells per square millimeter within the media did not change significantly from day 1 through day 35 postinjury. Total number of cells within the intima increased significantly, but the number of cells per square millimeter of intima decreased significantly during the same time period. Proliferative activity was identified in the media between days 3 and 35 with peak activity at day 3 postinjury. Proliferative activity in the intima was present in all specimens from day 8 through day 35. Proliferative activity was present in both HHF-35- and RAM-11-predominant regions of the intima.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association