Effects of age, lipoproteins, and hemostatic parameters on the role of homocyst(e)inemia as a cardiovascular risk factor in men.
Previous studies have identified moderately elevated plasma concentrations of homocyst(e)ine as an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). The atherogenicity of homocyst(e)ine has mostly been attributed to its effects on endothelial cells, platelets, and the hemostatic system. In this case-control study of 199 male CHD patients and 156 age-matched control subjects, we analyzed the role of homocyst(e)ine as a cardiovascular risk marker in the context of traditional risk factors as well as of plasma fibrinogen, plasminogen, and viscosity. Both univariate and multivariate regression analyses revealed that homocyst(e)ine levels were significantly correlated with age, fibrinogen, and plasma viscosity in both study groups. Geometric mean homocyst(e)ine levels by univariate analysis were significantly higher in patients than in control subjects (8.9 versus 7.8 mumol/L, P < .001). This difference remained significant on multiple logistic function analysis after being adjusted for body mass index, systolic blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol but not after additional adjustment for fibrinogen. By contrast, geometric mean fibrinogen levels after adjustment for homocyst(e)ine levels were significantly different between patients and control subjects (296.4 versus 230.8 mg/dL, P < .001). Within the group of CHD patients, both fibrinogen and homocyst(e)ine significantly increased in parallel with the number of stenosed coronary vessels. We conclude that hyperhomocyst(e)inemia is an independent coronary risk factor and that its interrelation with fibrinogen levels merits further study.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association