Differential neointimal response to coronary artery injury in pigs and dogs. Implications for restenosis models.
Neointimal hyperplasia occurs in the coronary arteries after percutaneous revascularization procedures and is a reparative response that frequently causes recurrent stenosis. Prior animal studies have shown that neointimal tissue thickness is proportional to the depth of arterial injury. Because animal models are increasingly used to test therapeutic strategies against restenosis, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the degree of neointimal thickening formed in the coronary arteries of pigs compared with dogs in response to severe injury. Fourteen coronary arteries in six mongrel dogs and 18 coronary arteries in nine pigs underwent severe arterial injury using tantalum metal coils delivered on oversized angioplasty balloons. Animals were killed after 4 weeks, and all coronary arteries were pressure perfusion fixed. Mean histological injury scores and neointimal thicknesses for dogs were 1.9 +/- 0.3 and 0.30 +/- 0.11, respectively, compared with 2.1 +/- 0.7 and 0.71 +/- 0.36 for pigs. Thus, there was significantly less neointimal thickening in dogs compared with pigs (P < .001) despite no differences in injury (P = NS). The neointimal thickening differences translated into significantly different percent area stenoses: 55 +/- 24% for pigs versus 27 +/- 13% for dogs (P < .001). Linear regression modeled neointimal thickness versus injury assessed by an ordinal injury score proportional to the depth of injury for each species. This analysis confirmed the differences across multiple injury levels. The slope of the regression line for dogs was small, suggesting that no relation may exist between injury and neointimal thickness in this species. The pig may be a more appropriate model for the study of the genesis of stenosing neointima.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association