Molecular characterization of human hepatic lipase deficiency. In vitro expression of two naturally occurring mutations.
Individuals with hepatic lipase (HL) deficiency are often characterized by elevated levels of triglycerides and cholesterol and may be subject to premature atherosclerosis. Missense mutations in the HL gene have been identified in two affected families: substitutions of serine for phenylalanine at amino acid 267 and threonine for methionine at amino acid 383 (S267F and T383M, respectively). To confirm the role of S267F and T383M, respectively). To confirm the role of mutations separately into human HL cDNA by site-directed mutagenesis, and the resulting constructs were independently expressed in COS cells. HL activity and mass were measured and compared with wild-type HL transfectants to determine the effect of these mutations on lipase activity and secretion. Although similar amounts of HL protein were detected intracellularly after transfection with the wild-type and mutant constructs, S267F and T383M HL activity levels were markedly decreased: in S267F, no HL activity was detected, and activity levels in T383M were 38% of wild-type HL. Heparin-induced secretion of the two HL mutants was also severely affected: no detectable activity could be measured in the media of S267F, although some inactive mass (12% of wild-type HL) was secreted; mutant T383M secreted 4% and 20% of wild-type activity and mass, respectively. These results indicate that the single amino acid substitution present in HL S267F is sufficient to render the enzyme completely nonfunctional; in contrast, the T383M mutant retains partial activity but is poorly secreted. Thus, these defects appear capable of accounting for the HL-deficient phenotypes exhibited by individuals carrying the T383M and S267F mutations.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association