Regulation of plasma HDL cholesterol and subfraction distribution by genetic and environmental factors. Associations between the TaqI B RFLP in the CETP gene and smoking and obesity.
This study investigated in a healthy population (n = 220) the association of the TaqI B restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) gene with plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration and subfraction distribution. A raised HDL cholesterol level was found in B2B2 homozygotes (B2 cutting site absent) and was associated specifically with a 45% increase in HDL2 compared with B1B1 homozygotes (B1B1, 77 +/- 39 mg/100 mL, mean +/- SD; B2B2, 112 +/- 59 mg/100 mL; P < 0.01). Total plasma, very-low-density lipoprotein, and HDL triglyceride levels did not differ among the genotype groups, nor did plasma apolipoprotein AI levels (B1B1, 1.45 +/- 0.35 mg/mL, mean +/- SD; B2B2, 1.56 +/- 0.33 mg/mL). Thus, the genetic variation appeared to be independent of metabolic factors that are known to regulate HDL levels. Plasma CETP exchange activity was unlikely to be the cause of the association, since it did not differ between genotype groups and was not correlated with HDL2 concentration. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the TaqI B polymorphism had an effect on HDL cholesterol and HDL2 that was independent of age, sex, body mass index, oral contraceptive use, exercise, alcohol consumption, and plasma triglycerides. In smokers, the presence of the B2B2 genotype did not result in increased HDL cholesterol or HDL2, whereas in obese subjects, the difference between B1B1 and B2B2 individuals was diminished. We conclude that the TaqI B RFLP is associated with a quantitatively significant effect on plasma HDL2 levels that is independent of plasma triglycerides and interacts with lifestyle factors.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association