Effects of exercise training on the chemical composition of plasma LDL.
The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of exercise training on the chemical composition of plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL). Thirteen men (mean age +/- SE, 47.2 +/- 1.5 years) were examined before and after 14 weeks of endurance-oriented exercise training (3 to 4 d/wk, 30 to 45 min/d). Although calculated plasma LDL concentrations remained unaltered (3.49 +/- 0.24 versus 3.65 +/- 0.23 mmol/L), changes in the chemical composition of LDL (increased LDL free cholesterol, cholesterol ester, and phospholipid content) were associated with a reduction in adiposity, umbilical girth, and basal plasma insulin and glucose concentration with training intervention. Increases in LDL molecular weight and particle diameter were associated with a reduction in fat mass, plasma triglyceride concentration, and basal plasma glucose concentration with physical activity. The LDL lipid-to-protein ratio also increased (P < .01) with training by 7%, primarily due to an increase in LDL free cholesterol content (P < .01). These findings indicate the formation of LDL particles that are more cholesterol enriched and protein poor with exercise training, which provides additional evidence for the cardioprotective effect of long-term physical activity.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association