Fluorogenic assay of activated factor VII. Plasma factor VIIa levels in relation to arterial cardiovascular diseases in Japanese.
Factor VII (FVII) plays an important role in initiation of the tissue factor-induced coagulation pathway. An increase in FVII coagulant activity (FVIIc) has been proposed as an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. However, it remains uncertain whether high FVIIc levels are due to an increase in the activation of FVII or an increase in the concentration of FVII mass. We developed a new fluorogenic assay for plasma activated FVII (FVIIa) that used soluble tissue factor. The sensitivity of this assay ranged from 0.2 to 1000 ng FVIIa per milliliter of plasma. Plasma FVIIa levels were measured in 110 healthy subjects and 93 patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and/or cardiovascular disease. The mean plasma FVIIa level in healthy Japanese individuals was 2.5 ng/mL, which was lower than that in Western subjects. Gel filtration analysis showed that most of the circulating FVIIa was in a free form, and binding of FVIIa to tissue factor in plasma was not detected. Aging increased both the FVIIa level and FVII mass, whereas menopause increased mainly the FVII mass. Elderly patients with arterial cardiovascular diseases showed increases in plasma FVIIa levels and FVIIa to FVII antigen (FVII:Ag) ratios. Among the elderly, arterial cardiovascular disease was more common in a high-FVIIa than a low-FVIIa group. Plasma FVIIa levels were not correlated with serum levels of total cholesterol or triglycerides. The FVIIa level and the FVIIa-to-FVII:Ag ratio were positively correlated with fibrinogen level and negatively correlated with body mass index and serum albumin level in the elderly. In conclusion, aging, cardiovascular disease, and malnutrition increased plasma FVIIa levels. FVIIa levels were not correlated with lipid levels or hepatic synthesis, suggesting that FVIIa may be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association