Tissue-factor pathway inhibitor and lipoproteins. Evidence for association with and regulation by LDL in human plasma.
Tissue-factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) is a potent inhibitor of extrinsic coagulation, which is mainly associated with lipoproteins in circulating blood. Gel filtration of human plasma confirmed the presence of three peaks in which approximately 10%, 70%, and 20% of total TFPI activity was retained. Precipitation of very-low-density lipoproteins and low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) in plasma by polyethylene glycol almost completely abolished peaks and I and II. LDL isolated by ultracentrifugation revealed two peaks of TFPI after gel filtration that coeluted with peaks I and II, respectively, from gel filtration of total plasma. TFPI activity in peaks I and II was also precipitated by anti-apolipoprotein B antibodies. Fourteen patients with familial hypercholesterolemia had higher plasma TFPI activity than did age- and sex-matched normolipemic control subjects (1.45 +/- 0.27 U/mL versus 0.80 +/- 0.09 U/mL, P < .001). Plasma TFPI was correlated with LDL cholesterol (r = .73, P < .001) and apolipoprotein B (r = .69, P < .001). No association was found with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or apolipoprotein A-I. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among the familial hypercholesterolemia patients, lovastatin alone or in combination with fish oil concentrate lowered plasma TFPI in parallel with LDL cholesterol. Gel filtration of plasma from these patients demonstrated a specific drop in apolipoprotein B-TFPI complexes, whereas TFPI not associated with lipoproteins was unchanged. This study demonstrated that plasma TFPI was associated with and regulated by LDL in plasma from healthy subjects and patients with familial hypercholesterolemia.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association