Factor VII coagulant activity and antigen levels in healthy men are determined by interaction between factor VII genotype and plasma triglyceride concentration.
Ischemic heart disease is caused by a combination of and interaction between a number of genetic and environmental factors. In a study of a group of healthy men from the United Kingdom, such an interaction was identified between the levels of plasma triglycerides and genetic variation determining plasma levels of factor VII, a clotting factor that is associated with risk of ischemic heart disease. We previously reported a common genetic polymorphism of the factor VII gene that changes arginine at residue 353 to a glutamine (Arg353-->Gln) and showed that healthy men who carry the allele for Gln353 had lower plasma levels of factor VII coagulant activity. This association is strongly confirmed in a new sample. Compared with 301 men with the allele for Arg353, 63 men with one or two alleles for Gln353 had levels of factor VII coagulant activity that were 20% lower (97.8% [95% confidence interval (CI), 95.2% to 100.4%] and 78.2% [CI, 73.8% to 82.9%], respectively; P < .0001), with similar genotype-associated differences observed for levels of factor VII antigen. The 6 men who were homozygous for the Gln353 allele had mean levels of factor VII coagulant activity and antigen that were lower by 40% and 50%, respectively. In an assay using bovine thromboplastin, which is specific for the cleaved (activated) form of factor VII, they had levels lower by 60%, suggesting that the major effect of the Gln353 substitution is to reduce the proportion of the circulating zymogen that is activated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association