Cytomegalovirus infection enhances mRNA expression of platelet-derived growth factor-BB and transforming growth factor-beta 1 in rat aortic allografts. Possible mechanism for cytomegalovirus-enhanced graft arteriosclerosis.
We have recently demonstrated that rat cytomegalovirus (RCMV) infection induces an early inflammatory response in the adventitia (perivasculitis) and in the subendothelial space (endothelialitis) as well as doubles smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and intimal thickening of rat aortic allografts performed from the DA (AG-B4, RT1a) to the WF (AG-B2, RT1v) strain. In this study, the impact of RCMV infection on the structure of inflammation in the allograft adventitia and on the expression of SMC growth factors in the allograft vascular wall was investigated. The recipient rats were inoculated with 10(5) plaque-forming U of RCMV Maastricht strain or left noninfected and used as controls. The allografts were removed at 7 days and 1 and 3 months after transplantation and processed for morphometry and immunohistochemistry. RNA was isolated for reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RCMV infection was associated with significantly upregulated presence (P < .05) of T helper (W3/25), T cytotoxic (OX8), and natural killer (3.2.3) cells in the allograft adventitia 7 days after transplantation but not thereafter. More monocyte/macrophages (OX42) were also present in RCMV-infected allografts, but the difference was not significant. Concomitantly, RCMV infection significantly enhanced (P < .05) the expression of major histocompatibility complex class II (OX6) and almost doubled (P = NS) the expression of interleukin-2R (CD25), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (CD54;1A29), and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 alpha-chain (CD11a; WT.1) in the adventitial inflammatory infiltrate. RCMV infection was linked with an early, prominent expression of both PDGF-BB mRNA at 7 days (P < .05) and at 1 month (P < .025) and of transforming growth factor-beta 1 mRNA at 7 days (P < .025) and at 1 month (P < .025) after transplantation. A less-prominent mRNA upregulation of acidic fibroblast growth factor (P < .05) was associated with RCMV infection at 7 days and at 1 month, as well as of epidermal growth factor at 1 month after transplantation, when compared with noninfected allografts, although the mRNA expression in both groups was below the levels of nontransplanted DA aortas. RCMV infection almost doubled basic fibroblast growth factor mRNA expression (P = NS) in the allograft vascular wall at 7 days and at 1 month. RCMV infection had no additional impact on insulin-like growth factor-1 mRNA expression when compared with noninfected allografts.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association