Mechanically induced calcium mobilization in cultured endothelial cells is dependent on actin and phospholipase.
We sought to evaluate the mechanisms by which mechanical perturbation elevates intracellular calcium in endothelial cells. We report that the transient elevation in intracellular calcium in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) in response to gentle perturbation with the side of a micropipette was not blocked by depolarization (external K+, 130 mmol/L), nifedipine (10 mumol/L), or Bay K 8644 R(+) (10 mumol/L). Thus, voltage-dependent calcium channels were not involved in the response. Also, amiloride (10 mumol/L) and tetraethylammonium (1 mmol/L) had no effect on calcium mobilization, indicating that Na+ and K+ transporters were not involved. Pretreatment of the cells with the phospholipase C and phospholipase A2 inhibitor manoalide (10 mumol/L) for 10 minutes at 37 degrees C completely abolished the calcium response, as did a 10-minute pretreatment with the inhibitor of actin polymerization, cytochalasin B (1 mumol/L). We observed an inhibitory effect of the phospholipase A2 and phospholipase C inhibitor 4-bromophenacyl bromide (10 mumol/L) on the mechanical response of BAEC that was not as potent as that observed with manoalide. To examine the role of arachidonic acid (AA) and subsequent metabolites that may be released after a putatively mechanical activation of phospholipase A2, we exposed BAEC to exogenous AA. We found that continued exposure of BAEC for 5 minutes to 10 nmol/L to 10 mumol/L AA caused no elevation of intracellular calcium. If mechanical stimulation activates phospholipase A2, the liberated AA and subsequent metabolites do not appear to have much effect on BAEC intracellular calcium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association