Common carotid intima-media thickness and lower extremity arterial atherosclerosis. The Rotterdam Study.
High-resolution B-mode ultrasonography of the carotid arteries is used to investigate the signs of early atherosclerotic vessel wall disease. To assess whether carotid artery findings reflect atherosclerosis elsewhere, we studied the association between common carotid intima-media thickness and lower extremity arterial atherosclerosis among the first 1000 participants of the Rotterdam Study. The Rotterdam Study is a single-center population-based prospective follow-up study of 7983 subjects, > or = 55 years old. Baseline measurements include ultrasound imaging of intima-media thickness of the distal common carotid artery and determination of the ankle-to-arm systolic blood pressure index. Lower extremity arterial disease was defined as an ankle-arm index < 0.90 in at least one leg. An increase of 0.1 mm in common carotid artery intima-media thickness was associated with an age- and sex-adjusted reduction of the ankle-arm index of 0.026 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.018 to 0.034). The age- and sex-adjusted odds ratio of lower extremity arterial disease for subjects with an intima-media thickness > or = 0.89 mm (upper quintile) to that of subjects with an intima-media thickness < 0.89 mm was 3.4 (95% CI: 2.2 to 5.2). Analysis among subjects free from symptomatic cardiovascular disease yielded a reduction in ankle-arm index per 0.1 mm increase in intima-media thickness of 0.018 (95% CI: 0.008 to 0.28) and an odds ratio for lower extremity arterial disease of 3.0 (95% CI: 1.7 to 5.1). Adjustments for differences in serum lipids, hypertension, and current smoking status only slightly attenuated the results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association