Species difference in cholesteryl ester cycle and HDL-induced cholesterol efflux from macrophage foam cells.
The species difference in the turnover rates of the cholesteryl ester (CE) cycle in macrophage foam cells (MFC) was examined in mice and rats. MFC were induced by acetyl-LDL and pulsed with [3H]oleate, followed by a chase with [14C]oleate. The replacement of the initial amount of cholesteryl [3H]oleate by cholesteryl [14C]oleate within 24 hours was 63% in mouse MFC, whereas it was 33% in rat MFC. The corresponding replacement in rabbit MFC was < 10%. In addition, HDL removed 41% of the CE mass from mouse MFC but only 22% from rat MFC. HDL-induced CE reduction from mouse MFC was enhanced by 40% by the inhibitor for acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase (58-035), whereas the enhancing effect was not observed with rat MFC. These results indicate that the rate of CE turnover may serve as a critical factor to determine the capacity of MFC to respond to HDL-induced CE reduction, suggesting the possibility that the species difference in the turnover rates of the CE cycle in MFC might explain, in part, the species difference in susceptibility to experimental atherosclerosis.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association