Triglyceride-rich lipoproteins isolated by selected-affinity anti-apolipoprotein B immunosorption from human atherosclerotic plaque.
We isolated and characterized immunoreactive apolipoprotein B (apoB)-containing lipoproteins from human atherosclerotic plaque and plasma to determine whether very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) can enter and become incorporated into the atherosclerotic lesion and how plaque apoB-containing lipoproteins differ from apoB-containing lipoproteins isolated from plasma. Atherosclerotic plaques were obtained during aortic surgery and processed immediately. Lipoproteins were extracted from minced plaque in a buffered saline solution (extract A). In selected cases a second extraction was done after plaque was incubated with collagenase (extract B). Lipoproteins were then isolated from the extracts by anti-apoB immunosorption and separated into VLDL + intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) (d < 1.019 g/mL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (1.019 < d < 1.070 g/mL) fractions by ultracentrifugation. The VLDL + IDL fractions from plaque contained more than one third of the total apoB-associated lipoprotein cholesterol in both extracts A and B. The lipid composition of VLDL + IDL in both extracts was related to that of plasma VLDL + IDL. By electron microscopy mean particle diameters of VLDL + IDL from extracts A and B were 9% and 23%, respectively, greater than VLDL + IDL diameters from plasma. Mean diameters of LDL from extracts A and B were 11% and 31% greater than LDL diameters from plasma. The apoE-apoB ratio of extract A VLDL + IDL was nearly twice that of plasma VLDL + IDL and severalfold higher than that of extract A LDL. Immunoblots of both VLDL + IDL and LDL from extract A demonstrated minimal fragmentation of apoB.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association