Abnormally high circulation levels of tissue plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in patients with a history of ischemic stroke.
We evaluated 106 subjects with and 109 subjects without a history of ischemic stroke. All were attending a metabolic ward. The two groups were compared for major risk factors for ischemic events. A positive family history for ischemic complications of atherosclerosis was more common in subjects with a history of stroke than in those without; moreover, plasma levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (TPA) were higher in patients with documented previous events. A strong positive significant correlation was found between TPA and PAI-1 levels, and an interaction between age and TPA was observed when the sample was stratified according to ages being above or below 70 years. When the patient population was analyzed according to the number of ischemic events, it was found that 62 of the 106 subjects with a history of stroke had experienced more than one ischemic event. Under these conditions, the levels of TPA and PAI-1 still correlated with the occurrence of previous ischemic episodes. As in the whole patient sample, TPA was the strongest discriminator. We conclude that in subjects attending a metabolic ward, TPA and PAI-1 levels consistently help identify subjects with a history of cerebral ischemic episodes and that TPA is the strongest discriminator.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association